Many (most?) people will accept the following two principles:
The truth matters.
No one (except God) has a corner on the truth.
Therefore, debate is necessary.
Because of principle #2, humility is necessary, and continual engagement with others is necessary. We should not think, “I have obtained the truth, so there is no need for debate.”
Some people put so much emphasis on principle #2 that they are unwilling or uninterested in debating the truth. But this has the effect of negating principle #1. If we stop short of finding the truth, or declare that the truth is unobtainable, then we are essentially saying that the truth is not necessary. To believe that the truth matters, is also to believe that the truth is something that can be grasped (not exhaustively, or in every situation, but in general; see principle #2), and is worth fighting for.
For Christians who are politically conservative, this year’s Presidential election presents a dilemma. As political conservatives, most in this group tend to vote Republican, since the Republican Party is more conservative than the Democratic Party. In the past, even when the Republican Presidential nominee has been a squishy moderate, they have still been a much better option than the Democratic nominee, so the choice has not been that difficult. This year, the Republican nominee is truly atrocious, forcing many to reconsider their approach to choosing between two less than ideal options.
Some take the approach that “the lesser of two evils is still evil,” and refuse to vote for either major party candidate (either not voting at all, or voting for a third party). Those in this camp may be considered Idealists. Not only will they not vote for Donald Trump, they likely would not have voted for Mitt Romney, John McCain, George Bush (either W or HW), or Bob Dole. They will only vote for a candidate who substantially aligns with their vision of an ideal candidate, regardless of whether their preferred candidate has any possibility of winning the election. The stronger their idealism, the more closely aligned the candidate must be with their ideal, and the fewer potential candidates there are to select from.
The problem with Idealism is that no two people share the same set of ideals, so it actually becomes very individualistic. Although Christians must stand firm in their core principles, some of those principles include unity, submission, and humility, which means we must also be willing to prioritize which ideals are most important and seek compromise in other areas. While it is true that “the lesser of two evils is still evil,” Christians know that “There is no one who does good, not even one” (Rom. 3:12, Ps. 53:3), so demanding a candidate free from “evil” is basically saying that Christians should not vote at all. This is not to say that we shouldn’t bother to evaluate a candidate’s morality. To excuse a candidate’s moral failings based on the fact that there are “no perfect candidates” or that “every candidate is flawed” is just foolish.
To answer the idealist objection that “the lesser of two evils is still evil,” it can be countered that given a situation where the only options all have bad outcomes, it is morally right to seek the outcome that minimizes evil and maximizes good (even if the potential good is quite limited, it’s still better than the alternative). I think this is a valid principle, if applied properly. The problem I see, at least in the context of this year’s Presidential election and the rationale being used by Christians to justify support for Donald Trump, is that there seems to be little difference between this “greater good” principle and pragmatism.
The pragmatist does not ask, “what is right?” but instead asks, “what will have the better outcome?” The pragmatist does not evaluate the options themselves, but the perceived consequences of the options. Pragmatism as a guiding principle is not a biblical method of decision making. For one, it requires that we actually know the outcome in order to judge the right decision. But even if we do know the outcome, or even the likely outcome, the only person who really knows the ultimate greater good is God. God has said, “obedience is better than sacrifice” (1 Sam. 15:22). Righteousness defies logic (1 Cor. 1:18-31). We are to act with wisdom, and plan for the future, but determining outcomes is God’s business, not ours (James 4:14, Matt. 6:34).
If I were a pragmatist, I would vote for Donald Trump. The things that he says he will do (appoint judges who will uphold the Constitution, defend life, scale back government overreach) are on the whole, better than the things Hillary Clinton promises to do. Even assuming (as I do) that Trump will entirely renege on every promise he had made, the things he is likely to do might not be as bad (at least in the short term) as what Clinton will do. I don’t believe that Trump has any real core values other than self-promotion, but his opinions about what our country should do may align more closely with mine than do Clinton’s. As Doug Wilson has said, “I would rather fight Trump than to fight Hillary.”
But I am not a pragmatist. I am a “values voter.” Actually, although this label is generally applied to those on the Christian Right, everyone is a “values voter.” It’s just a matter of which values they prioritize. I prioritize virtue over political ideology. I prioritize truth and righteousness over Supreme Court vacancies, government regulations, and tax code. I do not believe that Donald Trump is any more virtuous, honest, or righteous than Hillary Clinton. Therefore, he is no more closely aligned with my values than is Clinton. Given the lack of difference between the two individuals, I am perfectly content to “throw my vote away” this year by writing in a third party candidate.
It would be different if we were simply voting for a Party. The Republican Party Platform is much more closely aligned with my values than the Democratic Party Platform. All else equal, I would much rather see a Republican in power than a Democrat. I plan to vote for Republican candidates in other races. If we were only voting for a party, I would gladly pull the lever for the Republican party. But we’re not voting for a party*, we’re voting for a candidate. And character matters too much for me to “hold my nose” and vote for Trump. Political policies hold no value if morality is simply cast aside. It saddens me to see those on the Christian Right valuing the political outcome of voting for Trump over the moral defeat of voting for a man so devoid of character.
(*You might argue that, in fact, we are voting for a party, and the electors of each party are the ones who then select the President. While that may technically be how the Electoral College works, for all practical purposes a vote for Trump is just that: a vote for Trump.)
“Choose you this day whom ye will serve… as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord” makes a good slogan. Growing up, we had a plaque with the latter part of Joshua 24:15 on our front door.
With no context around the phrase, “Choose you this day whom ye will serve,” it sounds like Joshua is giving an exhortation to “choose wisely” and “choose to serve the Lord (like me and my house).” However, the full verse indicates that the choice being offered is not a choice as to whether to serve the Lord or not. The choice being offered is a choice between false gods: “And if it seem evil unto you to serve the Lord, choose you this day whom ye will serve; whether the gods which your fathers served that were on the other side of the flood, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell.” Joshua is offering a choice to those who have already decided to reject God; he is saying, “here are your alternatives.” Maybe the first part of Joshua 24:15 doesn’t make such a good slogan for a piece of decorative art work after all!
In the broader context of the whole chapter, Joshua is giving an exhortation to “choose wisely” and to serve the Lord. In the preceding verse (14), he says, “Now therefore fear the Lord, and serve him in sincerity and in truth: and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve ye the Lord.” And in the following verse (16), the people reject his alternative choices, saying, “God forbid that we should forsake the Lord, to serve other gods.” Joshua warns the people of the consequences should they fail to uphold their commitment, but they insist (24), “The Lord our God will we serve, and his voice will we obey.”
So, does the fact that the broader context gives the Israelites a choice between serving the Lord and serving other gods justify using “choose you this day whom ye will serve” from verse 15 in that sense? I think not. Truth is too often twisted and misconstrued, which only gives people more reason to accept the notion that truth is relative. Christians especially must be precise and accurate in our assertions of what is true. We should not use a passage of Scripture in a sense that is not what the passage is actually saying, even if our usage is consistent with a principle that is true. We must allow Scripture to say what it actually says, not use it to say something different.
It probably comes as no surprise that a Unitarian Universalist has no real grasp on the gospel. However, it may surprise some people that an atheist is actually closer to the truth than someone who considers themselves a “Christian.” I found it interesting to compare and contrast the views of atheist Christopher Hitchens and Unitarian minister Marilyn Sewell in this interview between the two.
A few interesting exchanges are highlighted:
The religion you cite in your book is generally the fundamentalist faith of various kinds. I’m a liberal Christian, and I don’t take the stories from the scripture literally. I don’t believe in the doctrine of atonement (that Jesus died for our sins, for example). Do you make any distinction between fundamentalist faith and liberal religion?
I would say that if you don’t believe that Jesus of Nazareth was the Christ and Messiah, and that he rose again from the dead and by his sacrifice our sins are forgiven, you’re really not in any meaningful sense a Christian.
Let me go someplace else. [continues with next question…]
While Hitchens rejects God and the gospel, at least he understands what the gospel message is. Sewell thinks you can have “Christianity” without the gospel, and doesn’t really want to talk about the gospel.